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Hey Folks -- Put this together and posted it on the "Warning" thread last night. Decided to make it a Fresh Thread, so that I can easily find this post and edit and update as we get more info:
~Last Thursday, Corrine Dean trailered #763 home (from the 3/17 sale). the mare came off the trailer panting and shaking. She quickly began to stagger and fall, the vet was called, the mare was euthanized. The mare showed signs of shock, oral membranes were black, the vet diagnosed a bastard strangles/pnuemonia. No necropsy was done.
~Sometime over the weekend, #775 (3/17 sale) was shipped to Pocono Eq. Center. (Ed:) This horse didn't make it to Pocono Eq. The driver stopped for coffee and found him dead on the trailer. It's my understanding that a necropsy was going to be performed, results now follow:
3/24--UPDATE ON #775 -- Beverly Peffer Necropsy Report came back on "Angels Heart" aka Gabriel boy that died in his trailer to his QT dest. Upper respiratory moved to pneumonia.
So, NOT EHV1. THAT is good news. Maybe it is less spread than we feared. Looks like perhaps that two were NOT part of this outbreak, but sadly pnuemonia related.
~Information was released today (3/23) that Rachel Sherman had NJ State officials at her place, that two cases of EHV1 had been confirmed. Apparently a boarder's horse died early last Thursday (3/18) and another followed a couple of days later. Both horses owned by same owner. They were apparently stalled in/near the quarantine barns. After hearing this, it was obvious that the infections did not begin with the 3/17 group of horses.
~I spoke with Rachel Sherman late this afternoon (3/23). State officials spent the day theres, checking infections, Coggins reports, timelines, etc. It is concluded at this point that the point of infection began from the 3/3 and/or 3/10 Sales. Several horses at Rachels have been diagnosed as infected. . . They are:
Thank you Edie for your research on EVH1 - -
Info from UC Davis -- http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/ehv1_sick.cfm
There's DEFINITELY a ray of hope here - - -
EHV-1 How to Handle a Sick Horse
Isolation of sick horses and early determination of the cause of their symptoms is very important. It is prudent to determine if the horse has been around horses that may have been in a place where EHV-1 has been documented to occur. Infections other than EHV-1 can also spread by horse-to-horse contact, so keeping a horse with a fever isolated is a very good practice in any case.
If your horse develops fever, respiratory signs or neurological signs, immediately notify your veterinarian and do not move the horse or horses in the immediate area. Alert those who have horses in the adjacent area to cease all movement of horses in and out of the facility until a diagnosis is confirmed by testing. If horses are exposed and then travel to a new stable or show, the infection can spread to other horses at that new location.
EHV-1 does not persist in the environment for a long time, but disinfection of premises, stalls, trailers and so forth is indicated. If you handle a horse with EHV-1 and don't wash hands or change clothing, you may spread the infection to other horses. A solution of 1 part chlorine bleach to 10 parts water is effective for decontaminating equipment and environment.
There is NO vaccine for the neurogenic form of EHV. We do HOPE, but are not convinced that there is some cross over of resistance in the horses that are current on the Rhinopneumonitis (EHV) vaccines and we as a community are recommending that horses that are out showing were vaccinated within the last 3 months. There are some vaccines that are better than others because they have a higher antigenic load (like pneumabort), but there are no vaccines specific for EHV-1. Dr. Dave Wilson at UC Davis is not recommending that horses be vaccinated with vaccines that have a high antigenic load. It is hard on horses and it is not given for this purpose. They are trying to develop a vaccine....
Some vets are giving immune stimulants such as Eqstim and Zylexis. Zylexis is $55.00 per shot and it is in the muscle. EqStim is IV and is less (about $40 a shot), but you will have an easier time giving the Zylexis because it is IM.
From a conversation with Dr. Madigan (UC Davis) - from the same site:
Thank you, Lisa for taking time to put this together. Our Boys will be tested as a precautionary measure. I will post the results once we have them.
Contact information below for State Vets from states that we are aware "could" have cases of EHV-1 based upon where we know horses from Camelot went this month. Please don't just call for "information" or "updates". Call only if you have a horse that came from Camelot in March...this includes horses in foster care that were never at "your" property if you are a rescue. A link to a complete list of state veterinarians (updated for 2010) is at the bottom of this email.
Dr. Guy Hohenhaus
State Veterinarian and Chief of Animal Health
Maryland Dept of Ag
Dr. Tony Forshey
Acting State Veterinarian
Dr. Craig Shultz
State Veterinarian and Director
Prayers for all affected
THIS IS AN EXCELLENT PAMPHLET - -- from Helsmar75
OK, this is the deal.
I just finished speaking with Monica Carper of Camelot Sales.
They normally bleach down the barn weekly as part of their protocol. Had already done so before the positive-EHV1 cases came to light, afterwards, they did it again.
There have been rumors of the water troughs "being filthy" - -- I always recognized the brown stains on the bottom of the tubs as being iron stains from the water. We had the same problem here until we installed a water softener to the barn's well because I couldn't stand it anymore. Now, AS FAR AS THE "Filthy/foamy" water. . . they, as part of their regular protocol, add Terramycin to the water, an antibiotic. as a regular precaution. So, it's not 'filth', it's antibiotic.
As far as the losses of #763 and #775, they too felt that they were pnuemonia cases, had specifically ID'd #775 as a pnuemonia before he left. They were caring for him, and had suggested that he not ship. They've got enough experience with these sicknesses in transient horses to recognize them when they see them.
I confirmed with Monica that as of today, there have been no other confirmed cases of EHV1 in any horses other than the ones located at Rachel Sherman's barn--so hopefully it is contained.
Now, Camelot DID have to give the NJ Dept. of Ag a list of all of the horses from March and who purchased them. DO NOT PANIC if the NJDA contacts you. It is a part of their protocol to trace/track the horses and confirm whereabouts and health.
Dr. Nancy Halpern, of the NJDA is apparently pulling her hair out with all of the phone calls. She and her staff are trying to do a difficult job, let's give them some space so that they can get it done as quickly as possible. I don't know about you, but I'd rather have them working on our samples than playing 20 questions on the phone. . . As I noted above, if you have a March Camelot horse, they will probably be contacting you.
If I think of anything I left out, I'll add it to this post.
ANOTHER GOOD LINK - -
In Part - - to read the whole thing, click the link above:
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
EQUINE HERPES VIRUS-1
February 17, 2006
J. Liv Sandberg Dr. Larry Bauman
UW-Madison UW-River Falls
Equine Extension Specialist Extension Veterinarian
Q. What is Equine Herpes Virus-1 (EHV-1)?
A. Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1) is a contagious viral disease of horses that can cause
respiratory disease, abortion and occasionally neurologic disease.
Q. Is there another name for Equine Herpes Virus?
A. Rhinopneumonitis or ‘rhino’. It is a herpes virus that is common among horses.
Q. How is the EHV-1 disease spread?
A. Aerosol (airborne) and fomites (feed, clothing, boots, hands, etc.)
Q. Can EHV-1 spread to humans?
A. No, but people can transport the virus on their clothes, boots, etc.
Q. Can EHV-1 spread to other species of animals?
Q. What are the clinical signs or symptoms seen with EHV-1?
A. Respiratory disease, abortion and occasionally neurologic disease (lack of
coordination, inability to stand, etc)
Q. Are these clinical signs similar to any other equine diseases we have in our horse
A. Yes. Equine Influenza Virus may cause respiratory disease, Equine Viral Arteritis may
cause abortions, and West Nile Virus may cause neurologic disease
Q. If my horse has some of the above clinical signs, will I be able to tell which
disease he/she may have contracted?
Q. Is there a vaccine available to help prevent the spread of EHV -1?
A. Yes, but it doesn’t directly protect against the neurologicl form of the disease caused
Q. My horse is up to date on its vaccinations, including EHV-1, can my horse still be
at risk of contracting the disease?
A. It’s possible, but horses that have not been vaccinated are at a much higher risk.
Q. Will EHV-1 affect all of my horses or are some of my horses at more of a risk of
contracting the disease?
A. Young, old, weak, high exposure, immune challenged, and stressed horses are more
likely to get sick.
Q. How long will it take for my horse to show clinical signs of the disease after
her/she has been exposed to the disease?
A. Usually 3-7 days following exposure (range: 2-10 days)
Q. How long can my horse be contagious and potentially spread the disease?
A. Horses can shed the EHV-1 from the onset of clinical signs until 1-2 weeks after the
clinical signs are gone. A 21 day quarantine period following the disease is
It has been almost 2 months since we have taken camelot horses so i think we are safe.
This thread really drives home the point about suitable quarantine arrangements- most horses going through auctions often have traveled long distances and gone through other auctions, coming in contact with who knows what along the way. This is not an isolated Camelot problem- Frank runs a good sale- it is an auction problem.
Quarantine protocol must be followed closely- and QTd horses must be kept SEPARATE from other horses- "Near" just doesn't cut it.
My thoughts are with all of those generous souls who offered to give these horses a fresh start, and those who are dealing with the sick ones......
Please see the official announcement from NJDA below:
New Jersey Department of Agriculture
From: Nancy E. Halpern, DVM, State Veterinarian
Date: March 24, 2010
Re: Possible EHV Outbreak
The New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health is investigating a possible outbreak of Equine Herpes Virus 1 (EHV1). One horse tested presumptively positive and 3 horses have been euthanized with clinical signs consistent with the neurological form of the disease. The farm where these horses were stabled is under quarantine, as is another farm with epidemiological contact with the index farm. Both farms are in Monmouth County.
The state is investigating all movement related to this incident and will take all necessary measures to protect horses in New Jersey and other states. The Division of Animal Health Laboratory can test horses for EHV1. The samples needed for EHV testing include:
Veterinarians should call 609-984-2293 for further testing information.
Sebastian Reist, DVM
New Jersey Department of Agriculture
Division of Animal Health
P.O. Box 330
John Fitch Plaza
Trenton, NJ 08625
Phone: (609) 292-3965
Fax: (609) 777-8395