The Messiah is not mentioned directly as such in the Tanakh; it is by allusion.
The Hebrew word, “moshiakh,” appears 39 times in the Tanakh. In Jewish bibles it is always translated as “anointed;” never as “Messiah.” The word for “THE Messiah” (definite article) is “HaMoshiakh.” This word appears in the Tanakh just three times in Lev. 4 as an adjective in context of "ha-Cohen ha'moshiakh," "the anointed priest." It appears nowhere else.
bob>The "HaMoshiakh" will be a priest? That would mean he would be from the Levite tribe, but I think it's said He could come from any line. It would be correct to assume He's a full blood Jew?
As you may know, kings were anointed (physically with oil), and priests were anointed. For example, David was anointed first by the prophet, Samuel (1 Sam. 16:13), when God selected him to replace Saul, and then again by the elders of Israel when he became king (2 Sam. 5:3). Baptism/mikva is not anointment.
Mainstream Jews are not excessively preoccupied by messianic speculation, Lubavitch notwithstanding.
Over the last 2000 years, whenever we were so preoccupied, we were burdened with false or failed messiahs and tragic consequences. Our prescient sages taught us, “May the spirit of those who try to calculate the time of the end rot (Talmud, Sanhedrin 97b).”
bob>Hey, I feel like that too! LOL
We are also not hung up on eschatological speculation because we are more interested in this world than the next. “Better one hour of Torah and mitzvoth in this world than the whole life in the world to come,” says the Talmud.
bob>I don't understand why that is so.
While we hope to be rewarded someday, Rabbi Soloveitchik has pointed out that receiving a reward, while pleasant, is not a religious act. “Therefore, halakhic man prefers the real world to a transcendent existence because here, in this world, man is given an opportunity to create, act, accomplish, while there, in the world to come, he is powerless to change anything at all. --- The task of the [Jewish] religious individual is bound up with the performance of mitzvot, commandments, and this performance is confined to this world ---.” The goal is not to withdraw from the world but to perfect it.
bob>Wonderful goal. In the next "world" are Jews ranked by how well they prefomed the commandments? What is the next world to be like?