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Alpha Game 169 Final Frontier   Fun and Games

Started 5/11/18 by Jenifer (Zarknorph); 4959331 views.

Lynx (is a constellation named after the animal, usually observed in the Northern Celestial Hemisphere. The constellation was introduced in the late 17th century by Johannes Hevelius. It is a faint constellation, with its brightest stars forming a zigzag line. The orange giant Alpha Lyncis is the brightest star in the constellation, and the semiregular variable star Y Lyncis is a target for amateur astronomers. Six star systems have been found to contain planets. Those of 6 Lyncis and HD 75898 were discovered by the Doppler method; those of XO-2, XO-4, XO-5 and WASP-13 were observed as they passed in front of the host star. Within the constellation's borders lie NGC 2419, an unusually remote globular cluster; the galaxy NGC 2770, which has hosted three recent Type Ib supernovae; the distant quasar APM 08279+5255, whose light is magnified and split into multiple images by the gravitational lensing effect of a foreground galaxy; and the Lynx Supercluster, which was the most distant supercluster known at the time of its discovery in 1999)

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Lynx Constellation

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PTG (anotherPTG)

From: PTG (anotherPTG)

Nov-24

Monkey Head Nebula (NGC 2174) is an H II emission nebula located in the constellation Orion and is associated with the open star cluster NGC 2175] It is thought to be located about 6,400 light-years away from Earth. The nebula may have formed through hierarchical collapse.

There is some equivocation in the use of the identifiers NGC 2174 and NGC 2175. These may apply to the entire nebula, to its brightest knot, or to the star cluster it includes. Burnham's Celestial Handbook lists the entire nebula as 2174/2175 and does not mention the star cluster. The NGC Project (working from the original descriptive notes) assigns NGC 2174 to the prominent knot at J2000 06h 09m 23.7s, +20° 39′ 34″ and NGC 2175 to the entire nebula, and by extension to the star cluster. Simbad uses NGC 2174 for the nebula and NGC 2175 for the star cluster.

Glowing gas and dark dust do not survive well in the Monkey Head Nebula. Young stars near the center of the nebula generate stellar winds and high energy radiation that causes the nebula's material to shift into complex shapes. The nebula is primarily composed of hydrogen which glows at infrared wavelengths due to the radiation

Monkey Head Nebula | Images and facts | BBC Sky at Night Magazine

Hubble's Stunning Monkey Head Nebula - YouTube

Nostromo (is a fictional starship, featured in the 1979 film Alien. The name is taken from the eponymous hero of the 1904 novel by Joseph Conrad. Commercial Towing Vessel Nostromo, an M-Class starfreighter property of the Weyland-Yutani Corporation, is a tug, a towing vessel, hauling an enormous (some 1.5 miles in length) ore refinery and 20 million tons of raw ore, weighing many times the mass of the Nostromo. The ship itself is still substantial, over 60,000 metric tons and almost 245 metres (800 feet) long, including three decks, four holds, stores, engines, and lots of pipes and ducts; its escape ship is called Narcissus. The ship is fitted with a self-destruct system and separates itself from the ore refinery platform via an umibical detachment system. The interior features a large 'space jockey' cockpit for all crew piloting functions, a medical bay, dining area, central computer room, engineering areas, a hypersleep chamber and a labyrinthine network of connecting corridors)

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the Nostromo had a shuttle/lifeboat named Narcissus........................

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The Narcissus (Alien Explored)

The Narcissus was a modified Lockmart Starcub light shuttle, that served as a lifeboat aboard the Weyland-Yutani commercial hauler USCSS Nostromo. Warrant Of...

Off to work, Happy Thanksgiving............................................

PTG (anotherPTG)

From: PTG (anotherPTG)

Nov-24

Have a good meal!

The Owl Nebula (also known as Messier 97, M97 or NGC 3587) is a starburst ("planetary") nebula approximately 2,030 light years away in the northern constellation Ursa Major. The estimated age of the Owl Nebula is about 8,000 years. It is approximately circular in cross-section with faint internal structure. It was formed from the outflow of material from the stellar wind of the central star as it evolved along the asymptotic giant branch. The nebula is arranged in three concentric shells/envelopes, with the outermost shell being about 20–30% larger than the inner shell. A mildly owl-like appearance of the nebula is the result of an inner shell that is not circularly symmetric, but instead forms a barrel-like structure aligned at an angle of 45° to the line of sight. The nebula holds about 0.13 solar masses (M?) of matter, including hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur; all with a density of less than 100 particles per cubic centimeter. Its outer radius is around 0.91 ly (0.28 pc) and it is expanding with velocities in the range of 27–39 km/s into the surrounding interstellar medium

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Week's Best Space Pictures: Hubble Turns 26

Pistol Star (is an extremely luminous blue hypergiant star, one of the most luminous and massive known in the Milky Way. It is one of many massive young stars in the Quintuplet cluster in the Galactic Center region. The star owes its name to the shape of the Pistol Nebula, which it illuminates. It is located approximately 25,000 light-years from Earth in the direction of Sagittarius. The star has a large mass comparable to V4998 Sagittarii and a luminosity 3.3 million times that of the Sun (L?). It would be visible to the naked eye as a 4th-magnitude star if it were not for the interstellar dust near the Center of the Milky Way that absorbs almost all of its visible light. The Pistol Star was discovered using the Hubble Space Telescope in the early 1990s by Don Figer, an astronomer at UCLA. The star is thought to have ejected almost 10 solar masses of material in giant outbursts perhaps 4,000 to 6,000 years ago (as observed from Earth). Its stellar wind is over 10 billion times stronger than the Sun's. Its exact age and future are not known, but it is expected to end in a brilliant supernova or hypernova in 1 to 3 million years. The mass is equally uncertain, thought to have been up to 200 times the Sun when initially formed but now considerably less due to extreme mass loss although likely still over 100 times the Sun. Modelling the star itself to match its spectrum gives a mass of 27.5 M?, while matching its current properties to an evolutionary model gives a much higher mass (86–92 M?). Earlier studies once claimed the Pistol Star as the most massive star known at around 250 M?. Later studies have reduced its estimated luminosity making it a candidate luminous blue variable about 1.6 million L? (one third as luminous as the binary star system Eta Carinae), hence a radius of 306 R? based on an effective temperature around 12,000 K, or as high as 3.3 million L?, hence a correspondingly larger radius of anywhere from 420 R? to 435 R?. Even so, it radiates about as much energy in 10 seconds as the Sun does in a year. A close point source has been discovered hidden in the surrounding nebulosity, but there has been no confirmation of this being a star or whether it is physically associated)

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The Pistol Star

he Pistol Star lies near the Milky Way's hot and violent, but metal-rich galactic center, deep within its central bulge. It is an extremely luminous and A ma...

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PTG (anotherPTG)

From: PTG (anotherPTG)

Nov-25

755 Quintilla (prov. designation: A908 GC or 1908 CZ) is a metallic background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 36 kilometers (22 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 6 April 1908, by American astronomer Joel Metcalf at the Taunton Observatory (803) in Massachusetts, United States. For its size, the M-type asteroid has a relatively short rotation period of 4.55 hours. It was named Quintilla, an Italian female first name, for no reason other than being the first asteroid name beginning with the letter "Q"

755) Quintilla / TYC 5768-01949-1 event on 2022 Jul 16, 15:22 UT

Alphabet Cards - Quintilla - OSIRIS-REx Mission

Rho Ophiuchi Cloud Complex (is a complex of interstellar clouds with different nebulae, particularly dark nebulae which is centered 1° south of the star ρ Ophiuchi, which it among others extends to, of the constellation Ophiuchus. At an estimated distance of 131 ± 3 parsecs, it is one of the closest star-forming regions to the Solar System. This cloud covers an angular area of 4.5° × 6.5° on the celestial sphere. It consists of two major regions of dense gas and dust. The first contains a star-forming cloud (L1688) and two filaments (L1709 and L1755), while the second has a star-forming region (L1689) and a filament (L1712–L1729). These filaments extend up to 10–17.5 parsecs in length and can be as narrow as 0.24 parsecs in width. The large extensions of the complex are also called Dark River clouds (or Rho Ophiuchi Streamers) and are identified as Barnard 44 and 45. Some of the structures within the complex appear to be the result of a shock front passing through the clouds from the direction of the neighboring Sco OB2 association. Temperatures of the clouds range from 13–22 K, and there is a total of about 3,000 times the mass of the Sun in the material. Over half of the mass of the complex is concentrated around the L1688 cloud, and this is the most active star-forming region. There are embedded infrared sources within the complex. A total of 425 infrared sources have been detected near the L1688 cloud. These are presumed to be young stellar objects, including 16 classified as protostars, 123 T Tauri stars with dense circumstellar disks, and 77 weaker T Tauri stars with thinner disks. The last 2 categories of stars have estimated ages ranging from 100,000 to a million years. The first brown dwarf to be identified in a star-forming region was Rho Oph J162349.8-242601, located in the Rho Ophiuchi cloud. One of the older objects at the edge of the primary star-forming region was found to be a circumstellar disk seen nearly edge-on. It spans a diameter of 300 AU and contains at least twice the mass of Jupiter. The million-year-old star at the center of the disk has a temperature of 3,000 K and is emitting 0.4 times the luminosity of the Sun)

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Calling it a night........................................

PTG (anotherPTG)

From: PTG (anotherPTG)

Nov-26

Spirograph Nebula,(IC 418) is a planetary nebula located in the constellation of Lepus about 3,600 ly away. It spans 0.3 light-years across.

The name derives from the intricate pattern of the nebula, which resembles a pattern which can be created using the Spirograph, a toy that produces geometric patterns (specifically, hypotrochoids and epitrochoids) on paper.

The central star of the planetary nebula, HD 35914, is an O-type star with a spectral type of O7fp.

ESA - Spirograph Nebula (IC 418)

Trojan (is a small celestial body (mostly asteroids) that shares the orbit of a larger body, remaining in a stable orbit approximately 60° ahead of or behind the main body near one of its Lagrangian points L4 and L5. Trojans can share the orbits of planets or of large moons. Trojans are one type of co-orbital object. In this arrangement, a star and a planet orbit about their common barycenter, which is close to the center of the star because it is usually much more massive than the orbiting planet. In turn, a much smaller mass than both the star and the planet, located at one of the Lagrangian points of the star–planet system, is subject to a combined gravitational force that acts through this barycenter. Hence the smallest object orbits around the barycenter with the same orbital period as the planet, and the arrangement can remain stable over time. In the Solar System, most known trojans share the orbit of Jupiter. They are divided into the Greek camp at L4 (ahead of Jupiter) and the Trojan camp at L5 (trailing Jupiter). More than a million Jupiter trojans larger than one kilometer are thought to exist, of which more than 7,000 are currently catalogued. In other planetary orbits only nine Mars trojans, 28 Neptune trojans, two Uranus trojans, and two Earth trojans, have been found to date. A temporary Venus trojan is also known. Numerical orbital dynamics stability simulations indicate that Saturn and Uranus probably do not have any primordial trojans. The same arrangement can appear when the primary object is a planet and the secondary is one of its moons, whereby much smaller trojan moons can share its orbit. All known trojan moons are part of the Saturn system. Telesto and Calypso are trojans of Tethys, and Helene and Polydeuces of Dione)

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Green are the trojan asteroids of Jupiter...................

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New Trojan asteroid discovered sharing Earth's orbit, likely to hang around for at least 4000 years

Astronomers have discovered a new Trojan asteroid 2020 XL5 sharing Earth's orbit and has been estimated to hang around for at least 4000 years before zipping...

Calling it a night........................

PTG (anotherPTG)

From: PTG (anotherPTG)

Nov-27

Ursula (minor planet designation: 375 Ursula), provisional designation 1893 AL, is a dark asteroid and parent body of the Ursula family from the outer regions of the asteroid belt. It is one of the largest asteroids with a diameter of approximately 200 kilometers. It was discovered on 18 September 1893, by French astronomer Auguste Charlois at Nice Observatory in France.[16] The referent of the asteroids's name is unknown

375Ursula-LB1.jpg

375) Ursula / TYC 2892-01195-1 event on 2021 Dec 25, 13:32 UT

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