The Desk Annex -  In Honor of Black History Month (2513 views) Notify me whenever anyone posts in this discussion.Subscribe
 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/5/18 9:15 PM 
To: All  (21 of 32) 
 4286.21 in reply to 4286.10 

Something that has been a social challenge for as long as this country has existed is not only equality for as well as women's empowerment and helping those of the underclass realize they are not shut out of opportunity. The Negro history shows that the concept of "I Can" (in the Hispanic culture, it's "Si, se quede") is possible.

Consider the strides of creating that concept through girls' empowerment via STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) that then became STEAM (science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematics). According to a March 2017 Danya article, "Stats vary by country and by discipline, but generally speaking, women make up only 15-25% of the current STEM workforce, and the gap is broadening." The article asks the question, "Why does this matter?" and cites very valid reasons that include living in the cloud of stereotyping, wage gaps, and availability of role models. Additional reading in the subject area provides not only male-female comparison information that also includes the impact on several racial/ethnic groups and socioeconomic classifications.

The Women's Movement (suffrage) and the striving for equality of the Negro seem to parallel themselves in terms of how long the struggles have been alive and the experiences of either group. Even the writing of the Constitution was controversial with regard to not only slavery but the right to vote for all men as well as for women. And we haven't even considered the matter of pay or right to earn a living. Pay equity legislation is now taking hold. With each new decade, the efforts to bring wages into a state of parity seem to be gaining ground. But there's a lot more road to pave. Even in Britain, there were difficulties for the Negro and African sailors receiving comparable pay, let alone employment opportunities above servile roles.

 

 
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From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/6/18 11:25 AM 
To: All  (22 of 32) 
 4286.22 in reply to 4286.17 

There have been many Civil Rights Acts throughout our history. There have also been many versions of Voting Rights Acts. Here is a list of them. A good question to ask is why there are so many versions or re-introductions over the years. Another good question is what happened to the enforcement of those laws or, in the alternative, a move to amend them and extend the life of the original Act.

Likewise, there have been many iterations of some form of voting rights legislation.

 

 

 

  • Edited March 3, 2018 5:43 pm  by  Entrances
 

 
From: SonPar2/11/18 9:04 PM 
To: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon  (23 of 32) 
 4286.23 in reply to 4286.22 
One of the strongest influences Black History has had on American culture is with music.  All uniquely American music styles, including jazz, country, rock and roll, and gospel, have roots in the blues music styles that developed as an artistic expression of the African-American experience during the time of slavery.  This was a form of art born of long hours working in the field under a hot sun, of being separated from loved ones by uncaring white owners, and of being transported an ocean away from one’s birthplace and heritage.  This music, the Blues, was born of African styles and came to be perfected by itinerant country musicians who traveled from town to town to practice their craft for black and white audiences.  They developed a unique style of music that reflected the hardships they endured and gave them a way to escape.  During the early twentieth century, a visionary musician leader by the name of W.C. Handy began to codify this music and to incorporate its rhythm and styles into the American experience and culture.  This led to an interest by music producers such as Chess Records, who began traveling to the Mississippi Delta to find musicians to recruit for an urban rebirth of the blues.  This new expression of citified, urban jazz found practitioners in musicians such as Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf, leading to a new form of popular music, race music.  Although primarily enjoyed by African-Americans, this attracted the interest of white musicians such as Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis, who helped to begin rock and roll, and Hank Williams and Jimmy Rodgers, who popularized country music.  Similarly, early jazz musicians and even classical musicians such as George Gershwin became fascinated with blues stylings, so that by the end of the 20th century, the music culture associated with America had morphed from this early country music into the rich plethora of musical stylings associated with modern culture.
 
For further discussion and history, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues
   
 
 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/13/18 8:43 PM 
To: All  (24 of 32) 
 4286.24 in reply to 4286.16 

And then there's art as in fashion. The new portrait of former First Lady Michelle Obama while wearing a dress that has a political statement in the design essentially emphasizes where we are at this point in time.

 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/14/18 5:23 PM 
To: All  (25 of 32) 
 4286.25 in reply to 4286.3 

Let's take a closer look at the world of sports. It's interesting to note that baseball holds the distinction of being the first sport to have leagues. It grew in popularity shortly after the Civil War and teams were essentially integrated. It appears the focus was on having fun. But by 1868, something changed the landscape and Negroes were not allowed to play with the amateur league teams; integration was no longer allowed.

There was some fizzle and the amateur leagues gave way to professional leagues that sustained the no integrated teams bar. So Negro leagues were formed in 1895. Say the names, "Rube Foster, known as the father of black baseball, founded the Negro National League.  In 1923, Ed Bolden formed the Eastern Colored League. Financial difficulties caused efforts to sustain the a major stumbling block. Says U.S. History regarding the two aspects of the demise of the Black baseball leagues:

The legacy the Negro Leagues is one of courage, perseverance, and strength to overcome the oppressive racial segregation and volitile [sic] times of the era. Conversely, by losing its stars to the Major Leagues, it was a sweet-and-sour proposition — the leagues had to fold, but integration of the white baseball establishment was a major step toward gaining equality for the black populace of America.

ThoughtCo. offers a particularly good timeline of the history of baseball leagues and attributes the division to Jim Crow laws.

It was Jackie Robinson who essentially broke the color barrier when he signed with Brooklyn Dodgers. But John Donaldson is another name that needs to be remembered and celebrated. Efforts are afoot to have him included in the Baseball Hall of Fame because of his outstanding skill.

But what about basketball! Well, of all places, Uncyclopedia has a very colorful account of how basketball was born and moves into how it became a sport that eventually included Blacks via the Negro Basketball Association. Notice the names of the players and positions. Meanwhile, Wikipedia explains the Black Fives and what that means

Football is yet another sport (and league) worth discovering the who and the when. BleacherReport tells us it was 1946 when the first five Negroes broke the color barrier in football. Can you name those players? So, who is Charles Follis (1902-06) and why is he associated with Paul Robeson (1920-26)? Because both of them are attributed with being the first Black football players.

There are still other sports firsts for tennis, track & field, gymnastics, winter sports, golf. Perhaps those can be given more attention when their seasons arrive.

 

 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/15/18 12:24 AM 
To: SonPar unread  (26 of 32) 
 4286.26 in reply to 4286.23 

In that vein, how many know the name of William Grant Still and his accomplishments. Would you believe his first calling was classical music. After a few detours in regard to genre that included playing with W. C. Handy, ventures into Blues, jazz, ragtime, as well as composing for musicals. But let it not be forgot that his best known composition, Afro-American Symphony, infused with black musical signatures, was performed by the Rochester Symphony Orchestra and conducted by Howard Hanson, thus becoming the first work of its kind by a black to be performed by a major symphony orchestra.

Juxtaposed to Grant, we look at the Father of Gospel Music, Thomas Dorsey. He is the composer of "Precious Lord, Take My Hand" and is also the one who discovered Mahalia Jackson. His philosophy about gospel music is refreshing. “Gospel is good music sent down from the Lord to save the people…There is no such thing as black music, white music, red or blue music…It’s what everybody needs.”

 

  • Edited February 15, 2018 12:31 am  by  Entrances
 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/18/18 1:34 AM 
To: All  (27 of 32) 
 4286.27 in reply to 4286.26 

There have been many aspects of this event, in addition to the poster displays of personalities, documents, timelines, and explanations. Also included was background music interspersed with video clips of events, interviews, and speeches.

The musical clips included:

 

 

  • Edited February 19, 2018 10:47 am  by  Entrances
 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon2/27/18 12:55 AM 
To: All  (28 of 32) 
 4286.28 in reply to 4286.27 

Week 4 of this observance looked at the changes happening in our culture from 2005 to the present. The theme for this last installment was a challenge and invited participants to write in their thoughts in response to the question "Where do we go from here?"

Meanwhile, some of the events displayed related to the various protests staged on the Red Carpet. For example, the lack of diversity both in front of and behind the camera. Rev. Sharpton led the protest in 2016. Women wore black to the Globes in protest to harassment, and men joined their ranks. Meanwhile, Vulture wondered why we can't see the best of Black acting and bestow awards upon actors of color if the caliber of the performances are worthy. After all, society is not all White. There's color, which makes things so much richer in many ways.

 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon4/15/18 3:10 PM 
To: All  (29 of 32) 
 4286.29 in reply to 4286.15 

A name that should be added to the list of legal trailblazers is Samuel Tucker. He was the lawyer to cause the integration of the Alexandria, VA library in 1927. That was only the tip of the iceberg with regard to his constant fight for civil rights.

The close of this event at FUMC posed the question to the participants, "Where do we go from here?" Indeed, in light of the incident at Starbucks in Philadelphia that took place this week, where have we been and where do we go from here?

  • Edited April 15, 2018 4:09 pm  by  Entrances
 

 
From: Entrances DelphiPlus Member Icon4/29/18 9:31 PM 
To: All  (30 of 32) 
 4286.30 in reply to 4286.29 

When it comes to noteworthy Black women, we need to take a look at the accomplishments of Ursula Burns, CEO of Xerox Corporation (one of the Fortune 500). She's one of those who was also among the STEM and STEAM pioneers and clawed her way (over 30 years) to where she is today. My thanks to Dan Waldschmidt for bringing her story to our attention.

 

 
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