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Bobby Fischer becomes the first American to win the World Chess Championship – Sept. 1, 1972. American chess grandmaster Bobby Fischer defeated Russian Boris Spassky during the World Chess Championship in Reykjavik, Iceland, in the world’s most publicized title match ever played, Fischer, a 29-year-old Brooklynite, became the first American to win the competition since its inception in 1866. The victory also marked the first time a non-Russian had won the event in 24 years.
Spassky on left; Fischer on right
David Crockett died at the Alamo – March 6, 1836. Crockett was an American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier, and politician. He is commonly referred to in popular culture by the epithet "King of the Wild Frontier". He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives and served in the Texas Revolution. He was re-elected in 1833, then narrowly lost in 1835, prompting his angry departure to Texas (then the Mexican state of Tejas) shortly thereafter. In early 1836, he took part in the Texas Revolution and was killed at the Battle of the Alamo in March.
Edmund Fitzgerald Sinks in Storm-Nov 10, 1975 (was an American Great Lakes freighter that sank in a Lake Superior storm on November 10, 1975, with the loss of the entire crew of 29. When launched on June 7, 1958, she was the largest ship on North America's Great Lakes, and she remains the largest to have sunk there)
First barrel ride down Niagara Falls – Oct. 24, 1901. Desiring to secure her later years financially, and avoid the poorhouse, Annie Edson Taylor (age 63) decided she would be the first person to ride over Niagara Falls in a barrel. Taylor used a custom-made barrel for her trip, constructed of oak and iron and padded with a mattress. Taylor was set adrift near the American shore, south of Goat Island. The Niagara lake currents carried the barrel over the Canadian Horseshoe Falls, which has since been the site for all daredevil stunting at Niagara Falls. Rescuers reached her barrel shortly after the plunge. Taylor was discovered to be alive and relatively uninjured, except for a small gash on her head. The trip itself took less than twenty minutes, but it was some time before the barrel was actually opened.
Guttenberg Printing Press-1454 (Typically used for texts, the invention and global spread of the printing press was one of the most influential events in the second millennium)
Hula Hoop fad begins – 1958. In 1957 Joan Anderson brought back a bamboo "exercise hoop" from Australia, and came up with the name Hula Hoop at a dinner party. Her husband showed it to Arthur "Spud" Melin and they agreed on a gentleman's handshake that they would have a share of any profits (the company cut her out, and they got nothing). Richard Knerr and Melin, manufactured 42-inch hoops with Marlex plastic. With giveaways, national marketing and retailing, a fad begin in July 1958: twenty-five million plastic hoops were sold in less than four months, and sales reached more than 100 million units in two years. Carlon Products Corporation was one of the first manufacturers of the hula hoop; during the 1950s, Carlon was producing more than 50,000 hula hoops per day.
"I Have A Dream" Speech-Aug 28, 1963 (is a public speech that was delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States. Delivered to over 250,000 civil rights supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., the speech was a defining moment of the civil rights movement and among the most iconic speeches in American history)
Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball – 1947. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he started at first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947. When the Dodgers signed Robinson, they heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
Katarina Witt Wins Gold, Twice-1984 & 1988 (won two Olympic gold medals for East Germany, first at the 1984 Sarajevo Olympics and the second at the 1988 Calgary Olympics. She is a four-time World Champion and two-time World silver medalist. A feat only equaled by Sonja Henie among female skaters, Witt won six consecutive European Championships. Between 1984 and 1988, Witt won ten golds from eleven major international events; two Olympics, four out of five World championships and six European championships. Her competitive record makes her one of the most successful figure skaters of all time)