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Chris Hoy (is a British racing driver and former track cyclist from Scotland who represented Great Britain at the Olympic and World Championships and Scotland at the Commonwealth Games. Hoy is eleven-times a world champion and six-times an Olympic champion. With a total of seven Olympic medals, six gold and one silver, Hoy is the second most decorated Olympic cyclist of all time. With his three gold medals in 2008 Summer Olympics, Hoy became Scotland's most successful Olympian, the first British athlete to win three gold medals in a single Olympic Games since Henry Taylor in 1908, and the most successful Olympic cyclist of all time. After winning a further two gold medals (in the keirin and team sprint) at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Hoy has won more Olympic gold medals (six) than any other British athlete along with Jason Kenny, and more total medals (seven) than any except fellow cyclist Sir Bradley Wiggins)
Books that he wrote................
Isabell Werth (born 21 July 1969 in Issum) is a German equestrian and world champion in dressage who competed in the Olympics five times (1992, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2016) winning ten medals, six of them gold. She holds the record for the most Olympic medals won by any equestrian athlete. In 2009, she was suspended from all tournaments by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports (FEI) for six months for horse doping.
Jeu De Paume (was an event contested at the 1908 Summer Olympics. This was the only Summer Olympic Games to contain this sport as a medal event. An outdoor version called longue paume was a demonstration sport at the 1900 Summer Olympics. Real tennis, as jeu de paume is called in the United Kingdom, was an exhibition event at the 1924 Summer Olympics. In the Official Report of the 1908 Olympic Games, the sport is referred to as "Tennis" while tennis is named "lawn tennis.")
Olympic Gold Medal winner, Jay Gould II from the United States.......................
Lenny Krayzelburg - is an American former backstroke swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, and former world record holder. He swam in the 2000 and 2004 Olympics, winning a total of four Olympic gold medals.
Los Angeles Olympics (The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 30 to August 14, 1932, in Los Angeles, California, United States)
Fans greeting the athletes arrival to Los Angeles........
There weren’t very many athletes of either gender at these Games — only 126 women and 1,206 men, less than half as many as had attended the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam. The Great Depression was a global happening, and many countries simply couldn’t afford to send athletes. Moreover, Los Angeles was considered a rather remote site to reach, especially from Europe. As 1932 began, hardly any country had officially made plans to attend, and it appeared the Games would be a massive folly. Enter Hollywood. The film community, led by the likes of Douglas Fairbanks Sr., Charlie Chaplin, Gary Cooper and others, bought many tickets and promoted their sale. The stars took part in a massive opening ceremony that drew more than 100,000 to the Coliseum, which had been built in 1923 in order to get the Games.
Here is Fay Wray and Amelia Earhart attending the games..................
The 1932 Los Angeles games inaugurated several Olympic traditions.....................
It introduced the three-tiered victory stand for the medalists.
It was the first Olympics to use photo-finish cameras.
It was staged over 16 days — nearly one-fifth as quickly as the previous shortest duration of the Games — and that became a feature of all subsequent Olympics.
It was the first Games that featured an Olympic Village for the (male) competitors; the women athletes were housed in the Chapman Park Hotel................
Medals for the upcoming Tokyo Olympics are to be composed of recycled electronic devices, including discarded laptops and smartphones. The devices were proactively donated by the citizens of Japan as the material for the medals. Thanks to the Tokyo 2020 Medal Project, a landmark recycling initiative which ensured that each one has been molded entirely from metal extracted from recycled consumer electronics. Under the theme “Be better, together – for the planet and the people”, TOCOG intends to make these the most environmentally friendly and sustainable Games so far. The project attracted donations and support from 1,300 educational institutions and 2,100 electronics retail stores across Japan. Signature yellow donation boxes were placed in post offices and on street corners all over the country, and a TOCOG partner company enabled the public to donate their used phones at 2,400 stores nationwide. With more than 90 per cent of Japan’s local authorities participating, a total of 78,985 tons of discarded devices were collected, a haul which included approximately 6.21 million used mobile phones, along with digital cameras, handheld games and laptops, all of which were then classified, dismantled and melted down by highly trained contractors. This meant that the final goals of 30.3kg of gold, 4,100kg of silver and 2,700kg of bronze were reached by the time the collection cycle closed on 31 March 2019.
That's cool..............what a way to recycle!!
Naked (If you’ve ever seen the depictions of ancient Olympians on pots, bowls, and in other artworks, you will have noticed that they competed in the nude. There are thought to be several reasons from this, ranging from a tribute to Zeus - whom they wanted to show their physical power - to drawing a distinction between themselves and their barbarian enemies, who were afraid to show their bodies. Whichever it was, nudity was a fundamental part of ancient Greek culture, and the athletes would show off their physiques during parades in the stadium. In addition, wrestlers also covered their bodies in oil to keep sand out of their pores, before dusting themselves with a fine powder to ensure they could be gripped. Men would also work out in the buff, and the word ‘gymnasium’ actually comes from the Greek word ‘gymnos’, meaning naked)
The ancient Greeks didn’t rely on good will to ensure fair competition during this often brutal period in history. Athletes who broke rules during the Olympics were publicly whipped. Whether it was a foul move in wrestling, or a false start in running, officials called ‘alytes’ had the power to punish any competitor they felt was trying to gain an unfair advantage. In addition to the floggings, athletes could also be slapped with hefty financial fines. (the guy with clothes on the right)
The Olympic torch is lit the old-fashioned way in an ancient ceremony at the temple of Hera, in Greece: Actresses, wearing costumes of Greek priestesses, use a parabolic mirror and sun rays to kindle the torch. From there, the torch starts its relay to the host city. It is usually carried by runners, but it has traveled on a boat, on an airplane (and the Concorde), on horseback, on the back of a camel, via radio signal, underwater, and in a canoe. The relay torch and the Olympic flame are supposed to burn during the whole event. In case the flame goes out, it can only be reignited with a backup flame, which has been lit in Greece as well, and never with a regular lighter!
Rio 2016: The Olympic flame was lit on 21 April 2016 at the Temple of Hera in Olympia, the traditional start of the Greek phase of the torch relay.
The relay ended in Rio de Janeiro on 5 August when the flame was used to light the Olympic cauldron during the opening ceremony.
Ok, after reading that I had to wonder how the flame is carried on a plane if it can't go out, here's the answer..........
It will be kept in a lantern, which has been allowed to go on a plane. It'll have two seats to itself, accompanied by a police officer who has been trained in firefighting.
Pankration (was a sporting event introduced into the Greek Olympic Games in 648 BC and was an empty-hand submission sport with few rules. The athletes used boxing and wrestling techniques, but also others, such as kicking, holds, joint-locks, and chokes on the ground, making it similar to modern mixed martial arts. The term comes from the Greek παγκρ?τιον, meaning "all of power," from π?ν "all" and κρ?τος "strength, might, power.")
The story of Arrhichion ("the most famous of pankratiasts") who died defending his championship at the 54th Olympiad......................
Arrhichion was one of the most famous of all pankratiasts. He was a three-time champion in the Olympic games, having won the event in 572 BC, 568 BC and 564 BC. His final victory was also his last game, because he died in the ring. But how is it possible to be a winner and be dead at the same time, when the rules of the game state that whoever was subdued in a Pankration match was automatically defeated? According to the story that has been told and retold for millennia, Arrhichion’s unnamed opponent had him in a literal death-grip by the neck, and was steadily applying pressure in an attempt to get Arrhichion to submit. However, Arrhichion would not concede, and continued to fight back as his opponent suffocated him. At that moment, Arrhichion’s trainer shouted to him: “What a noble epitaph you’ll receive if you do not submit—'He was never defeated at Olympia.’” These words gave Arrhichion strength, and just as he was about to pass out, Arrhichion inflicted a blow on his opponent’s foot, breaking his ankle. The pain from his ankle was so severe that Arrhichion’s opponent was forced to release his hold. Nevertheless, Arrhichion slumped to the ground dead. Philostratus gives a detailed account of Arrhichion’s last match. Accordingly the antagonist of Arrichion, having already clinched him around the middle, thought to kill him; already he had wound his forearm about the other’s throat to shut off the breathing, while, pressing his legs on the groins and winding his feet one inside each knee of his adversary, he forestalled Arrichion’s resistance by choking him till the sleep of death thus induced began to creep over his senses. But in relaxing the tension of his legs he failed to forestall the scheme of Arrichion; for the latter kicked back with the sole of his right foot (as the result of which his right side was imperiled since now his knee was hanging unsupported), then with his groin he holds his adversary tight till he can no longer resist, and, throwing his weight down toward the left while he locks the latter’s foot tightly inside his own knee, by this violent outward thrust he wrenches the ankle from its socket. The judges ruled that as his opponent had submitted, Arrhichion was the true victor, and crowned him such, making him the only Olympic athlete to win a title post-mortem. Although the story itself is true—at least we believe so—there has been a few debates on the manner of his death. Some believe that Arrhichion died from a broken neck and not asphyxiation, because before a man dies from loss of oxygen, he passes out, after which the choke hold has to be maintained for a sustained period to deny his brain of oxygen. Scholars point out that the referrer overseeing the match would have noticed Arrhichion’s limp body and stopped the match before the choke became lethal. Alternatively, if Arrhichion’s opponent released the hold after Arrhichion had broken his ankle, then Arrhichion’s blood supply to the brain would have been restored and Arrhichion would have merely become unconscious. Arrhichion’s death, some argue, must have been instantaneous, which is only possible if his neck broke. Another theory suggest that Arrichion died due to sudden cardiac arrest. After his death, a victor statue of Arrhichion was set up in the marketplace at Phigalia. It is one of the oldest dated Olympic victor statues. The statue is now at the Museum of the Olympic Games in Olympia.
What remains of the statue.....