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Golf returns to the Olympics in 2016 at the Rio Games (At the IOC session in Copenhagen in October 2009, the IOC decided to reinstate this event for the 2016 Summer Olympics. As of the 2016 Olympics, qualification is based primarily upon the Official World Golf Ranking and Women's World Golf Rankings, with the top 15 of each gender automatically qualifying, and then the highest ranked players from countries that had not yet already qualified two players)
Golf was featured in the Summer Olympic Games official program in 1900 and 1904.
A men's individual tournament was planned for the 1908 London Games, but an internal dispute amongst British golfers led to them boycotting the event, leaving 1904 gold medalist George Lyon as the only competitor. Offered the gold medal by default, Lyon refused to accept it............
Calling it a night.......................
So it's been about 24 hours.............................
Helen Stephens had to submit to a "gender check" (At the 1936 Berlin Olympics after beating Poland's Stanislawa Walasiewicz (the defending Olympic champion) a Polish newspaper reporter accused Stephens of being male. She was forced to submit to a genital inspection which confirmed her gender as female by the Olympic Committee)
This wasn't the only humiliation Helen was subjected to during these Olympics. From her Wikipedia page..........
Stephens is quoted by Olympic historian, David Wallechinsky, about her post-race experience with Adolf Hitler. "He comes in and gives me the Nazi salute. I gave him a good, old-fashioned Missouri handshake," she said. "Once more Hitler goes for the jugular vein. He gets hold of my fanny and begins to squeeze and pinch, and hug me up. And he said: 'You're a true Aryan type. You should be running for Germany.' So after he gave me the once over and a full massage, he asked me if I'd like to spend the weekend in Berchtesgaden." Stephens refused.
I hope to be able to tell the story of the Silver Medalist, Stanislawa Walasiewicz, later in the game..................
Israeli delegation members taken hostage 1972 Munich Olympics - Israel competed at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, which began on August 26. On September 5 and 6, in the Munich massacre, 11 members of the Israeli delegation—5 athletes, 2 referees, and 4 coaches were taken hostage by Palestine Liberation Organization terrorists and murdered. The remainder of the team left Munich on September 7.
Jesse Owens (was an American track and field athlete and four-time gold medalist in the 1936 Olympic Games. Owens specialized in the sprints and the long jump and was recognized in his lifetime as "perhaps the greatest and most famous athlete in track and field history")
Jesse is saluting the American Flag, that's not what/who the idiot behind him is saluting..................
With Helen Stephens (from my previous post) at the Olympics...............
Just before the competitions, founder of Adidas athletic shoe company Adi Dassler visited Owens in the Olympic village and persuaded Owens to wear Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik shoes; this was the first sponsorship for a male African American athlete........
The dormitory that Owens occupied during the Berlin Olympics has been fully restored into a living museum, with pictures of his accomplishments at the games, and a letter (intercepted by the Gestapo) from a fan urging him not to shake hands with Hitler..........................
Believe it or not..............
Jesse was a pack-a-day cigarette smoker for 35 years, starting at age 32. Beginning in December 1979, he was hospitalized on and off with an extremely aggressive and drug-resistant type of lung cancer. He died of the disease at age 66 in Tucson, Arizona, on March 31, 1980
Calling it a night.........................
Katie Ledecky - is an American competitive swimmer. Having won 7 Olympic gold medals and 15 world championship gold medals, the most in history for a female swimmer, she is widely considered to be the greatest female swimmer of all time. Ledecky is the world record holder in the women's 400-, 800-, and 1500-meter freestyle (long course). She also holds the fastest-ever times in the women's 500-, 1000-, 1500-, and 1650-yard freestyle events.
In her international debut at the 2012 London Olympic Games as a 15-year-old, Ledecky unexpectedly won the gold medal in the women's 800-meter freestyle. Four years later, she left Rio de Janeiro as the most decorated female athlete of the 2016 Olympic Games, with four gold medals, one silver medal, and two world records. At the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, Ledecky began her racing in the prelims of the 400 meter freestyle, ranking first overall with her time of 4:00.45 and advancing to the final. However, she finished second to Australian swimmer Ariarne Titmus to win the silver medal, trailing Titmus by half a second and after leading at the 300m mark. For Ledecky, this was her first loss in an individual event at the Olympics. In the debut of the women's 1500 meter freestyle at the Summer Olympics, Ledecky set an Olympic record in her prelims heat with a time of 15:35.35 and advanced to the final ranked first overall. In the final, Ledecky placed 1st in the 1500 m race, leading teammate Erica Sullivan (silver) by 4 seconds, clinching her first gold medal of the 2020 Games. Ledecky anchored for Team USA in the women's 4x200 freestyle relay, winning a silver medal alongside teammates Allison Schmitt, Paige Madden, and Katie McLaughlin behind China. Ledecky won her second gold medal of the 2020 Olympics and her seventh of all time in the 800-meter freestyle. Her six individual gold medals were the most out of any female Olympic swimmer and female US Olympians, and the second-most out of all Olympic swimmers behind Michael Phelps. She became the first swimmer to win a distance event three times in a row, as well as the youngest and oldest person to win the 800 free (at age 15 in 2012 and age 24 in 2021).
In total, she has won 38 medals (30 golds, 7 silvers, and 1 bronze) in major international competitions, spanning the Summer Olympics, World Championships, and Pan Pacific Championships. During her career, she has broken fourteen world records.
Latvia first gold medal at the 2020 Olympics in the Mens 3-on-3
Margaret Abbott was first woman to win an Olympic event but she didn't know it (Margaret Ives Abbott, a 22-year-old American girl who, in 1900, was in Paris for study purposes. She entered the women's golf competition (that she learned from the newspaper that they were looking for women for a nine-hole golf course) at the Olympics in the company of her mother, Mary. Margaret won but never knew she was the first Olympic champion in history. She died in 1955. That competition was recognized as an Olympic tournament decades later. The first Olympic gold medal in women's golf was thus rehabilitated postmortem)
Unlike other women, Margaret Ives Abbott showed up on the field with a hat on her French lowered on her forehead and in a fluttering white dress. It was just like the women depicted in Monet's paintings representing the Parisian women of that Belle Epoque period. The difference between her and the European women present was also in the difference in clothing because all the others showed up with narrow skirts. During this time, women were perceived to be harmed from playing sports because of how physical it is, so they were limited to a nine-hole course compared to the 18-standard hole course people play with today.
Margaret didn't win a Gold Medal..............the prize was a porcelain bowl, the ugliest prize in sports history. Medals were not provided for women because they had to be rewarded with furnishings to adorn the house. Let us not forget that Pierre de Coubertin (founder of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and founder of the modern Olympics) was not in favor of women's participation in the Olympics, considering them to be 'inferior beings'. So, if they really wanted to participate despite his denial, they had to be rewarded with awards related to the real task to which they were called by nature, namely the house.
Margaret's mother also entered the golf tournament, she finished tied for seventh. This was the only time in Olympic history that a mother and daughter competed in the same sport in the same event at the same Olympics.
Calling it a night...............................
New Zealand at the 2020 Olympic Games:
The Black Ferns Sevens stormed to their first Olympic gold, beating France 26-12.
Lisa Carrington is New Zealand’s greatest ever Olympian after third Tokyo gold
Victory in the K1 500m kayak final was her sixth medal – five of them gold – in her third Olympics
Olympic motto first used at the 1924 Paris Olympics (The original Olympic motto was made up of three Latin words: Citius, Altius, Fortius, which is Latin for "Faster, Higher, Stronger." It was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Games, and was first used in 1924 at the Olympic Games in Paris)
On July 21, 2021 the the International Olympic Committee amended the motto to include the word "Together," highlighting the need for solidarity during the COVID-19 pandemic. The motto now reads: "Faster, Higher, Stronger - Together". The Latin version will become: Citius, Altius, Fortius - Communis.
Off to work............................